Gaganyaan Mission 2022: All you need to know on India’s giant space leap

Gaganyaan Mission 2022: All you need to know on India’s giant space leap

In just about 4 years from now, three Indians with the tricolour in hand would be sent to Space in a mission that would further reinforce the country’s global space power status. 

‘Gaganyaan’ , India’s first human spaceflight mission on Friday got a big thumbs up with the Union Cabinet approving a budget of Rs. 10,000 crore for the ambitious project. 

Read on to know more about this giant space leap to be undertaken by India. 

The project was first announced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in his Independence day speech from the ramparts of the Red Fort, earlier this year. He set an ambitious target of 2022 for this mission, as it marks the country’s 75 years of independence. 

With ‘Gaganyaan’ , India will only be the fourth nation after United States, Russia and China to undertake a manned space mission. 

ISRO will be using its biggest rocket, Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III (GSLV Mk III) to launch the mission since it has the necessary  payload capabilities. 

Prior to the main launch, two unmanned flights shall be sent as a part of ‘demonstration’ and ‘testing’ phase.

The astronauts will spend 7 days in the space and will be called "Vyomnauts" since "Vyom" means Space in Sanskrit. The process of selection of Vyomnauts will be done in consultation with Indian Air Force’s Institute of Aerospace Medicine.  

The spaceflight, with a 3.7 meter diameter and 7 m height, will take just 16 minutes to reach the orbit and be placed at 300-400 Kms range.  

The manned space flight will rotate around the Earth every 90 minutes and the three astronauts will be able to see India from space every 24 hours, while they conduct experiments on micro-gravity and other scientific work. 

ISRO has developed some critical technologies like re-entry mission capability, crew escape system, crew module configuration, thermal protection system, deceleration and flotation system, sub-systems of life support system among many others required for the mission.

‘Gaganyaan’ mission is expected to provide employment to over 15,000 people.